These are the most famous waterfalls in the world by no means the highest , but among the largest as regards volume of water, 6000 cubic meters per second. The 56 m, (185 feet) drop is due to the 100 m (330 feet) or so difference is height between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. Niagara Falls is short but intensely powerful stretch that has made a world famous spectacle of the Niagara Rivers. The falls are 27 km north-northwest of Buffalo, New York and 121 km south-southeast of Toronto, Ontario, between the twin cities of Niagara Falls (Ontario), and Niagara Falls (New Yor).
The falls originated is the prehistoric period, and the bed of the Niagara River has yielded fossil of animals and plants that were deposited in the sediment millions of years ago. Naturally, from a geological standpoint, the falls are a rather young phenomenon. According to the Jesuit Gabriel Lalemant, one of the first persons to describe the rapids, the original name was Onguiaahra, or ‘’the strait’’, given by Iroquois Indians, a name later simplified by the white settlers into Niagara.
The falls were discovered by the French explorer Samuel de Champlain in 1613, Two centuries later the first sightseers began to arrive. In 1820 steps were build at Table Rock and the first ferry services began to operate. The majestic falls, which resound like thunder for miles and miles, are soon best from a ferrybout. In 50 years, despite the lack of comfortable transportation, the number of visitors increased and tourism became the main activity on both sides.
Today Niagara Falls are one of the leading attractions on the American continent, with over 15 million visitor every year, many of whorn are American newlyweds who go there for their honeymoon. And for good reason: an intimate dinner on a restaurant terrace with this grandiose natural wonder in the moon-light is unforgettable experience.